by Richard W. Hughes, Thanong Leelawatanasuk, Wimon Manorotkul, Bonita Kwok, Lore Kiefert & Anne Carroll Marshall
The Chinese Box  |  A Guangzhou Jade Market Puzzle  |  Lotus Gemology

An investigation into nephrite and imitation nephrite pebbles purchased in Guangzhou, China's Hualin Street jade market.

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by Richard W. Hughes
Gem Inclusions & the Symmetry of Crystals • Inside Out • Lotus Gemology

A discussion of how inclusion patterns mimic crystallographic symmetry in ruby and sapphire.

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by Thanong Leelawatanasuk, Wilawan Atichat, Visut Pisutha-Arnond, Pornsawat Wattanakul, Papawarin Ounorn, Wimon Manorotkul & Richard W. Hughes
Cobalt-Doped Glass-Filled Sapphires  |  An Update  |  Lotus Gemology

The history of glass-infilling in blue sapphire, along with a description of the latest treatment generation developed in Chanthaburi, Thailand.

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by John I. Koivula & Richard W. Hughes
Following the Silk Road  |  Rutile in Corundum

A discussion of rutile silk in corundum and its use in detecting artificial heat treatment. Careful examination of these "silk" inclusions can provide vital clues to unmask heated gems.

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by Richard W. Hughes & Vincent Pardieu, with Guillaume Soubiraa & Dana Schorr
Moon Over the Pamirs  |  Chasing Ruby and Spinel in Tajikistan

A 2006 mission to remote ruby and spinel localities in Tajikistan.

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by Richard W. Hughes
Identifying Yellow Sapphire • Blue Filter • Proletarian Gemology

Introducing the blue filter as a gemological tool to separate natural and Verneuil synthetic yellow sapphires.

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by Richard W. Hughes
Burma's Jade Mines • A History

The history of Burma's jade mines, as seen through Western eyes, from the earliest accounts through World War II.

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